A cataract is a clouding in the lens of the eye, causing blurred vision. Cataracts are most common in adults over age 40 and can be caused by many things such as macular degeneration, viral infections, disease, and injury to the eye.
Cataract surgery can be performed to improve your vision. There are a couple of ways in which the surgery is performed. One is known as the “open-angle” cataract surgery, and the other is known as the “lens shield” cataract surgery.
In the open-angle form of cataract surgery, the surgeon removes the cloudy part of the lens with a thin titanium wire. The surgeon then attaches the new lens to the retina through a small hole made by the original cut. In order to perform this type of surgery, the patient must have good peripheral vision.
A word of warning: If you are suffering from a cataract in your right eye and are looking into how to treat cataracts in your left eye, you may need to have your eyes separated. The second type of surgery for how to treat cataracts is called the “lens shield” technique.
In this surgery, a plastic piece is placed over the cataract to block light that could damage the lens or the retina. When the plastic is placed, it causes the surrounding tissues to contract, making it less likely that light will reach the retina, thus improving vision.
This surgery is performed on an outpatient basis and requires no overnight stays in the hospital. These two procedures are effective, but they cannot fix a completely cloudy lens. No matter how cloudy the lens is, whether through genetic makeup or from disease, a cataract has to be addressed.
Some people can have a perfectly clear lens for years, but others are just on the cusp of complete cloudiness. For these individuals, how to treat cataracts begin with carefully examining the options available to them.
One of the first choices for those with congenital cataracts is to wear glasses or contact lenses. Many individuals opt for this option because glasses or contacts can be cumbersome and uncomfortable, especially in warmer climates.
However, there is the possibility that they might not be able to correct their vision to the same degree as if they used an eye patch or some other device. There is also the risk of infection and possible eye injury. For these reasons, many opt for the use of a laser to correct their cataracts.
Another consideration is the patient’s age. Most patients are past middle-age, which makes them more susceptible to cataracts and other eye issues. Fortunately, there are several ways to successfully treat a patient’s eyesight problems without the use of glasses or contacts.
Among these options include laser surgery, conventional medicine, glasses, and even herbal remedies. Laser surgery is perhaps the most popular option. In this procedure, an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) inserts a narrow, laser tube into the tear duct of the eye.
The tube then destroys the moisture that forms in the interior of the tear duct, causing the patient’s eyes to produce less moisture, clearer vision, and a reduction in the overall volume of clouding that might have formed.
Because this type of surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure, there is no extensive recovery time involved. Another conservative treatment option that can be used for those with cataracts is phacoemulsification, or “emulsification.”
This method involves removing a small amount of fluid from the inside of the eye using a surgical instrument. If the problem was congenital, a doctor might also recommend that fluid is removed from the anterior chamber of the eye through a small incision in the top lid.
Phacoemulsification is often effective in treating the most severe forms of cataracts and does not require the use of any medications. You can surely learn more about cataract surgery and what you should expect when you simply follow the provided link.